The State of IPv6-only
So that's the first half of the transition: dual stack. How are we doing on actually migrating to IPv6? What is the state of IPv6-only?It's not as crazy a question as it probably seems to those who haven't started deploying IPv6. In the U.S., according to APNIC, some major networks are already 100% IPv6 enabled (or margin-of-error close).
We see here not just retail tech giants Facebook, Google, Microsoft, and Oracle, but universities like Virginia Tech and Rensselaer, cell giants Verizon, AT&T, and T-Mobile.
Independently, Apple's Tommy Pauly provided this chart at a recent IETF:
Hurricane Electric keeps tabs on many things IPv6, including this table:
|IPv4 ASNs||58054||99.1%||IPv6 ASNs||13722||23.4%||IPv4-only ASNs||44682||76.3%||IPv6-only ASNs||350||0.60%||Dual-stack ASNs||58605||22.8%|
A quick glance at many of those IPv6-only ASNs suggests that they have parallel IPv4-only ASNs. That further suggests that the networks are being built either separately, or modularly: the IPv6 network should not be dependent on the IPv4 network.
This is all consistent with initiatives at Microsoft, Cisco, Deutsche Telekom, T-Mobile, LinkedIn, and Facebook to make at least part of their networks IPv6-only. In most cases, there is translation for IPv4 at the edge, but the network is internally IPv6-only.
To the same end, I've begun working on Retevia, offering IPv4 translation as a service to IPv6 networks.
We no longer need to wonder whether IPv6-only networks will happen someday: they are already happening.
28 June 2017
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